Comparative law is the study of the different legal systems that are used in different parts of the world. It breaks down these systems into the fundamental elements that they are made of and analyzes the differences between them. It also analyzes the interaction between these elements and how they combine to form a system.
Comparative law has several branches. Comparative civil law deals with the law of contracts and obligations and the law of torts in different countries. Comparative commercial law deals with corporate law and the laws governing trade and business organizations in different countries. Other branches include comparative administrative law and comparative criminal law among others. Comparative law can also be classified as either micro-comparative law or macro-comparative law. Micro-comparative law is the in-depth study and analysis of the differences and similarities between the legal systems of two countries while macro-comparative law deals with the general differences between the legal systems of several countries.
The differences between legal systems are studied so as to get a deeper understanding of how the systems operate and work towards perfecting them. International organizations such as the United Nations benefit greatly from these studies as they operate in several jurisdictions with different legal systems. One internationally recognized comparative constitutional law authority is Mr. Sujit Choudhry.
Sujit Choudhry: The Comparative Constitutional Law Expert
Sujit Choudhry has worked in the legal field for over two decades. He has worked in several different countries and has an in-depth knowledge of their legal systems. This is part of the reason why he is such an expert at comparative law. He received the 2011 Practitioner of the Year Award, which was presented to him by the South Asian Bar Association of Toronto. Mr. Sujit Choudhry has written a few books on constitutional law including The Migration of Constitutional Ideas, Constitutional Design for Divided Societies, and Constitution Making among others. He has also published a good number of articles, working papers and reports on the same topic.
Sujit Choudhry established the Center for Constitutional Transitions in 2012 and is now the faculty director of the center. Through the center, Mr. Sujit Choudhry carries out extensive research projects and then advises legal practitioners on policy options that are suitable for their jurisdictions. He holds a University of Toronto LL.B. and a Harvard Law School LL.M.
The importance of comparative law cannot be overemphasized, especially in today’s era of globalization and internationalism. Experts like Mr. Choudhry provide much-needed insight into the different legal systems around the world. His books and other works are used as reference material in law schools around the world and by other legal practitioners as a guide when formulating policies.